Whats That Lump On My Neck
Thyroid lumps are mostly not cancerous, but need careful monitoring once they are detected.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland found on the lower part of the neck, where the Adam's Apple is located for
men. It produces key hormones that regulate metabolic rate, heart function, digestion, muscle control, and brain
and bone development.
Sometimes, lumps or nodules form, although experts don't know the exact cause. What is known is that people who have been exposed to radiation - either through the environment or from radiation treatment to the head, neck and chest - are more likely to develop thyroid lumps. They are also more common in those who have other thyroid conditions, or have a family history of them, and with age.
There is no need to be alarmed if you feel a lump around the thyroid region. The most common cause of it is an
enlarged lymph node, which can be caused by the common cold or any other throat infection. But if the lump persists
or grows larger over the next few weeks, you should see a doctor. This is especially true if the mass moves up upon
swallowing - this is a distinctive sign that the lump may be a thyroid mass. There are several possible causes of a
thyroid mass, the most common being the existence of separate small lumps creating the appearance of one large
mass. It often feels like one, when it is actually a cluster of nodules with one dominant one.
Although thyroid nodules don't usually affect the functioning of the thyroid gland, they can sometimes cause hyperthyroidism, where the nodules cause too much hormone production. They can also cause breathing and swallowing difficulties, when large nodules press against the windpipe, voice box or oesophagus. The first is treated with medication, and the second with surgery.