THE THYROID GLAND - ALSO KNOWN simply as the thyroid - is an endocrine gland found in the neck
near where the Adam’s apple would be located in men. Aside from controlling how quickly the body uses energy and
makes protein, the thyroid is also responsible for controlling how sensitive the body is to other hormones.
Should one feel a lump in the neck around the thyroid region, there is no need for alarm. The commonest cause for a lump in the neck is an enlarged lymph node, a condition which may be caused by the common cold or any other infection of the throat. If the lump persists or enlarges over the next few weeks, however, you should see a doctor. This is especially true if the mass moves up upon swallowing: a distinctive sign that the lump may be a thyroid mass.
There are several possible causes of a thyroid mass, but the most common is the result of specific lumps forming within the thyroid. Lumps can be solitary solid nodules, multinodular goitres (which often feel as if it were just one lump due to the prominence of the most dominant nodule) or thyroid cysts. Thankfully, most thyroid nodules are benign, but it can be a clinical challenge for doctors to separate the lumps with malignant risk from those that are benign.